Did you know that ArcelorMittal steel forms the backbone of the world’s most iconic skyline? From Manhattan to the Brooklyn Bridge, our contribution to the Big Apple can be found across New York City.
The first, and some would argue the greatest, contribution to New York by ArcelorMittal was the Empire State Building. Bethlehem Steel – which went on to become International Steel Group, and finally ArcelorMittal - supplied major structural steels for the iconic structure.
Construction began in 1929 and was completed in 1931, with the building becoming the world’s tallest skyscraper for the following 40 years. Bethlehem Steel’s wide-flange beams, developed a century ago, are acknowledged as having made the skyscraper era possible.
By the end of the 1920s, the stage had been set by for our steel to dominate the most famous skyline in the world; an estimated 80% of the New York skyline contained steel made by Bethlehem Steel. Those making the journey from Manhattan to Brooklyn were also touched by our steel – the famous Brooklyn Bridge contains our wire rope.
The Big Apple and ArcelorMittal beams – an enduring relationship
Just a year after construction began on the Empire State, building started on another New York City landmark, the Rockefeller Center. One of our beams produced one of the world’s most famous photographs, ‘Lunch atop a Skyscraper’. This black and white image of 11 construction workers sitting on a wide-flange beam, the Grey Beam, at the 69th floor level without any harnesses became world famous.
Our beams – H beams – also featured in one of the biggest local rivalries of the skyscraper era. Banker George Ohrstrom and Walter Chrysler, founder of the automotive giant Chrysler Corporation, were in a race to back different projects to build the world’s tallest building in the 1930s. Ohrstrom’s Chase Manhattan Bank, today known as the Trump Building, contains 53,000 tonnes of our steel, as does the famous art-deco Chrysler Building.
Today, our steel stands tall and proud in the One World Trade Centre which had its final piece – the spire – lifted to its top in May 2013. The skyscraper contains more than 14,000 tonnes of our world-famous jumbo beams from ArcelorMittal Differdange in Luxembourg in its structural frame and uses 10,000 tonnes of plate supplied by our Coatesville site in the state of Pennsylvania in the US.
The HISTAR ® trail
Only a couple of blocks away from the One World Trade Centre is one of the tallest buildings in New York and one of the many stops on what we have dubbed the NYC HISTAR® trail - Times Square 4 or the Condé Nast building.
In fact, there are currently 15 structures in New York which have been built using our special patented HISTAR®, or (Hi)gh (St)rength steel (Ar)celorMittal which combines high yield strength with excellent toughness at low temperatures and outstanding weldability - material properties that were considered incompatible before its development in 1991.
Optimal use of this range of steels allows for up to 60% overall weight reduction to be achieved, which in turn directly reduces the CO2 footprint up to 40% and the primary energy consumption of any building that uses them. The best example of this aspect of HISTAR® can be found in the Hearst Tower. Located in the heart of Manhattan, this striking building is a unique combination of a 1920s art deco masterpiece and a new-millennium, 46-storey skyscraper that also happens to be among the top 10% of energy-efficient buildings in the US.
In 2006, the Hearst Tower received a LEED gold certification, making it the first skyscraper in New York to achieve the coveted green building seal.
With ArcelorMittal’s steel having been in the world’s tallest buildings since the start of the skyscraper era, it is safe to assume that our company’s steel will continue to transform the dazzling skyline of this much-loved city.
NYC buildings that contain our steel:
- Sloan Kettering Hospital
- 731 Lexington
- Mt. Sinai Hospital
- Time Warner Building
- “The Lipstick” or 53rd at Third
- The Hearst Tower
- 599 Lexington
- The Worldwide Plaza
- Random House (1745 Broadway)
- 750 Seventh Avenue
- Swiss Bank Tower and Saks Fifth Avenue
- Morgan Stanley building (1585 Broadway)
- 450 Lexington Avenue
- The New York Times Building
- The Hilton on 42nd Street
- Lowes Theatre on 42nd Street
- Times Square 4 or the Condé Nast building
- 300 Madison
- Times Square 5 or the Ernst & Young tower
- 420 Fifth Avenue
- The New York University Palladium
- Hutton Plaza
- Shearson Lehman building
- St. Luke’s Hospital Baruch College
- 60 and 75 Wall Street
- World Financial Centre