May 2, 2024

ArcelorMittal (referred to as “ArcelorMittal” or the “Company” or the "Group") (MT (New York, Amsterdam, Paris, Luxembourg), MTS (Madrid)), the world’s leading integrated steel and mining company, today announced results1 for the three-month period ended March 31, 2024.

  • Analyst & investor call replay - link
  • Earnings Release - EN - PDF
  • Analysts slides – EN – PDF
  • Analyst model - XLS

1Q 2024 key highlights:

  • Health and safety focus: Protecting employee health and wellbeing remains the overarching priority of the Company; the Company-wide audit of safety by dss+ is progressing and will support our pathway to zero serious injuries and fatalities; LTIF2 rate of 0.61x in 1Q 2024
  • Recovering volumes and higher steel spreads supporting improved results: Scope adjusted steel shipments17 increased +5.0% in 1Q 2024 vs. 4Q 2023; 1Q 2024 EBITDA14 of $2.0bn (vs. $1.5bn in 4Q 2023) with EBITDA/t of $145/t in 1Q 2024 (vs. $110/t in 4Q 2023). Net income of $0.9bn in 1Q 2024 vs. net loss of $3.0bn (adjusted net income of $1.0bn8) in 4Q 2023
  • Free cash flow impacted by seasonal working capital needs: a seasonal working capital investment ($1.7bn)22 together with capex ($1.2bn) in support of strategic growth projects19 led to a free cash outflow during the quarter of $1.4bn
  • Financial strength: Net debt of $4.8bn at the end of the quarter (gross debt of $10.2bn and cash and cash equivalents of $5.4bn)12 compares to a net debt of $2.9bn at December 31, 2023. Over the past 12 months net debt has declined by $0.4bn despite strategic growth capex investments of $1.6bn and returns to shareholders totaling $1.7bn25. This highlights the strong underlying cash generating capacity of the business

 Key developments towards strategic objectives:

  • Organic growth: Capex in 1Q 2024 includes $0.4bn on strategic growth projects21, which are estimated to add approximately $1.8bn to the Company's EBITDA13 potential by the end of 2026; strategic projects to commence operations in 1H 2024 include Vega CMC (Brazil) and the 1GW renewables project in India; 2H 2024 projects include Calvert EAF (US), Serra Azul and Barra Mansa in Brazil, electrical steel in Europe and mine expansion in Liberia
  • Asset portfolio: The Company has agreed to acquire a 28% stake in Vallourec for ~$1.1bn, increasing its exposure to the downstream value-added tubular market; targeting premium segments in the America's market, including a focus on energy transition solutions (CCS and hydrogen); transaction closing is subject to regulatory approvals and currently expected in 2H 2024
  • Consistent shareholder returns: The Company has repurchased a further 22.5m shares10 in 1Q 2024, bringing the total reduction in diluted shares to 35% since September 30, 20207. This has contributed to an increase in the book value per share to $67/sh4 at the end of the quarter. The Company will continue to return a minimum 50% of post-dividend FCF to shareholders through its share buyback programs. The $0.50/sh base dividend for 2023 will be paid in 2 equal installments in June 2024 and December 2024

Financial highlights (on the basis of IFRS1,2):

Commenting, Aditya Mittal, ArcelorMittal Chief Executive Officer, said:

“Across the Company our people are galvanized to improve safety performance. The 3rd party safety audit, which started at the end of December, is now well underway and on target to be completed in September. We expect this to make valuable recommendations that, combined with the considerable efforts already underway, will enable us to deliver the safety results we are striving for.

“On financial performance, the improved pricing environment combined with recovering volumes resulted in sequentially stronger quarterly results, which also now reflect the value contributed by our joint ventures.

“We have an exciting pipeline of growth projects underway, including the 1GW renewables project in India and Vega CMC in Brazil, both of which are expected to commence operations in the first half. Meanwhile the strategic stake in Vallourec will enhance our exposure to the attractive North American market in the value-added tubular market. We continue to progress with our decarbonization projects, conscious of the need to ensure these investments create value as well as reduce emissions.

“Maintaining our position as the lead supplier of low carbon steels is a clear priority and the planned ramp-up at Sestao, along with the new EAF in Gijon which will break ground imminently, will both have an important role to play. Meanwhile our XCarb® recycled and renewably produced steel will be on show to the world during the Paris Olympics, in both the Olympic and Paralympic torches and also the Spectacular which will be erected on the Eiffel Tower.

“Although overall economic sentiment remains subdued, we expect apparent steel demand ex-China to grow between +3% and +4% this year and are well positioned to benefit from this improvement.”

Fourth quarter 2023 earnings analyst conference call

ArcelorMittal Management will host a conference call for members of the investment community to present and comment on the three-month period ended March 31, 2024 on: Thursday May 2, 2024, at 9.30am US Eastern time; 14.30pm London time and 15.30pm CET.

Webcast link:

VIP Connect Conference Call:

Participants may pre-register and will receive dedicated dial-in details to easily and quickly access the call: 

Please visit the results section on our website to listen to the reply once the event has finished 


  1. The financial information in this press release has been prepared consistently with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”) and as adopted by the European Union. The interim financial information included in this announcement has also been prepared in accordance with IFRS applicable to interim periods, however this announcement does not contain sufficient information to constitute an interim financial report as defined in International Accounting Standard 34, “Interim Financial Reporting”. The numbers in this press release have not been audited. The financial information and certain other information presented in a number of tables in this press release have been rounded to the nearest whole number or the nearest decimal. Therefore, the sum of the numbers in a column may not conform exactly to the total figure given for that column. In addition, certain percentages presented in the tables in this press release reflect calculations based upon the underlying information prior to rounding and, accordingly, may not conform exactly to the percentages that would be derived if the relevant calculations were based upon the rounded numbers. Segment information presented in this press release is prior to inter-segment eliminations and certain adjustments made to operating results of the segments to reflect corporate costs, income from non-steel operations (e.g. logistics and shipping services) and the elimination of stock margins between the segments.
  2. LTIF refers to lost time injury frequency rate equals lost time injuries per 1,000,000 worked hours, based on own personnel and contractors.
  3. ROE refers to "Return on Equity" which is calculated as trailing twelve-month adjusted net income (excluding impairment charges and exceptional items) attributable to equity holders of the parent divided by the average equity attributable to the equity holders of the parent over the period. 1Q 2024 ROE of 8.6% ($4.7 billion / $54.5 billion). 2023 ROE of 8.9% ($4.9 billion / $54.4 billion).
  4. Equity book value per share is calculated as the Equity attributable to the equity holders of the parent divided by the number of shares at the end of the period. 1Q 2024 total equity of $53.6 billion divided by 797 million shares outstanding equals $67/sh. 4Q 2023 total equity of $54.0 billion divided by 819 million shares outstanding equals $66/sh.
  5. Impairment charge for 4Q 2023 (excluding that related to the sale of operations in Kazakhstan) amounted to $0.1 billion, related to the Long business of ArcelorMittal South Africa. Since then, the Company has been in discussions with government representatives to determine the extent of state support that could be provided to mitigate or prevent the closure of these operations.
  6. Following the sale of the Company's steel and mining operations in Kazakhstan in 4Q 2023, the Company recorded a $0.9 billion non-cash impairment charge (including $0.2 billion goodwill), and recorded $1.5 billion cumulative translation losses (previously recorded against equity) through the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
  7. September 30, 2020, was the inception date of the ongoing share buyback programs.
  8. See Appendix 4 for reconciliation of adjusted net income and adjusted basic EPS.
  9. On March 9, 2023, ArcelorMittal announced that following receipt of customary regulatory approvals it had completed the acquisition of Companhia Siderúrgica do Pecém (‘CSP’) in Brazil for an enterprise value of approximately $2.2 billion.
  10. Company has repurchased 22.5 million shares during 1Q 2024; totalling 48.8 million shares from the current 85 million share buy back program.
  11. XCarb® is designed to bring together all of ArcelorMittal’s reduced, low and zero-carbon products and steelmaking activities, as well as wider initiatives and green innovation projects, into a single effort focused on achieving demonstrable progress towards carbon neutral steel. Alongside the new XCarb® brand, we have launched three XCarb® initiatives: the XCarb® innovation fund, XCarb® green steel certificates and XCarb® recycled and renewably produced for products made via the Electric Arc Furnace route using scrap. The Company is offering green steel using a system of certificates (XCarb® green certificates). These will be issued by an independent auditor to certify tonnes of CO2 savings achieved through the Company’s investment in decarbonization technologies in Europe. Net-zero equivalence is determined by assigning CO2 savings certificates equivalent to CO2 per tonne of steel produced in 2018 as baseline. The certificates will relate to the tonnes of CO2 saved in total, as a direct result of the decarbonization projects being implemented across a number of its European sites.
  12. As of March 31, 2024, the $5.4 billion Revolving Credit Facility ("RCF") was fully available. Liquidity at the end of the quarter of $10.8 billion consisted of cash and cash equivalents of $5.4 billion and $5.4 billion of available credit lines.
  13. Estimate of additional contribution to EBITDA, based on assumptions once ramped up to capacity and assuming prices/spreads generally in line with the averages of the 2015-2020 period.
  14. As announced with ArcelorMittal’s fourth quarter 2023 financial results, the Company has amended its presentation of reportable segments and EBITDA. The changes, applied from January 1, 2024, are as follows: EBITDA is defined as operating result plus depreciation, impairment items and exceptional items and result from associates, joint ventures and other investments (excluding impairments and exceptional items if any); The NAFTA segment has been renamed "North America", a core growth region for the Company; A new ‘Sustainable Solutions’ segment is composed of a number of high-growth, niche, capital light businesses, playing an important role in supporting climate action (including renewables, special projects and construction business). Previously reported within the Europe segment, this is a growth vector of the Company and represents businesses employing over 12,000 people at more than 260 commercial and production sites across 60+ countries. Following the sale of the Company’s operations in Kazakhstan, the remaining parts of the former ‘ACIS’ segment have been assigned to ‘Others’; there are no changes to the ‘Brazil’ and ‘Mining’ segments. ‘India and JVs’ is now presented and the share of net income of AMNS India and AMNS Calvert as well as the other associates, joint ventures and other investments is included in EBITDA. India is a high growth vector of the Company, with our assets well-positioned to grow with the domestic market. These changes have been applied as from January 1, 2024 and the comparative periods of 2023 shown herein have been retrospectively recast.
  15. Impairments of equity method investments were $1.4 billion for 4Q 2023, and relate to the impairment of the Company’s investment in Acciaierie d'Italia (ADI) following downward revisions to the expected future cash flows. On February 20, 2024, the Italian Government issued a decree placing Acciaierie d’Italia in extraordinary administration subsequent to the request of Invitalia, thereby passing control of ADI from its current shareholders, ArcelorMittal and Invitalia, to government appointed commissioners.
  16. Production: Including all production of the hot strip mill including processing of slabs on a hire work basis for ArcelorMittal Group entities and third parties, including stainless steel slabs. Shipments: including shipments of finished products processed on a hire work basis for ArcelorMittal Group entities and third parties, including stainless steel products. EBITDA of Calvert presented here on a 100% basis as a stand-alone business and in accordance with the Company's policy, applying the weighted average method of accounting for inventory.
  17. Excluding impact on disposal of Kazakhstan operations that was sold on December 7, 2023.
  18. The Company sold the remaining 4.23% stake in Erdemir in 1Q 2024, generating total proceeds of $0.2 billion.
  19. 1Q 2024 includes decarbonization capex of $0.1 billion and strategic growth capex of $0.4 billion.
  20. Other projects under development include: ArcelorMittal Texas: Plans under development to double capacity and add CCS capability; Calvert (US): Option to add a second 1.5Mt EAF at lower capex intensity; Electrical steels US (Alabama): 150kt NGO electrical steels for automotive; Government support received; engineering studies underway; Liberia further expansion to 30Mt; and India further expansion: Hazira to 20Mt and Greenfield on the east coast of India.
  21. Strategic projects capex in 1Q 2024 primarily include investments for the Liberia expansion project (first concentrate), the renewables energy project in India and Mardyck electrical steels
  22. 1Q 2024 net cash used in operating activities of $100 million includes working capital investment of $1.7 billion.
  23. Sustainable Solutions is focused on growing niche businesses providing vital added-value support to growing sustainable related applications from a low-carbon, capital light asset base. These businesses include: a) Construction solutions: Product offerings include sandwich panels (e.g. insulation), profiles, turnkey pre-fabrication solutions, etc., to assist building in smarter ways and reduce the carbon footprint of buildings; b) Projects: Product range includes plates, pipes & tubes, wire ropes, reinforced steels, providing high-quality & sustainable steel solutions for energy projects and supporting offshore wind, energy transition and onshore construction; c) Industeel: EAF based capacity: High quality steel grades designed to meet demanding customer specifications (e.g. XCarb® for wind turbines); Supplying wide range of industries; energy, chemicals, mechanical engineering, machinery, infrastructure, defence & security; d) Renewables: investments in renewable energy projects; e) Metallics: investment and development of the Company’s scrap recycling and collection capabilities; f) Distribution & service centers: European services processor including slitting, cut-to-length, multi blanking, and press blanking and operating through an extensive network
  24. Vallourec share price increased to €17.20 as at the end of March 31, 2024, as compared to €14.64 contractually agreed at the signing of the share price agreement for 65.2 million shares on March 12, 2024 generating a non-cash mark-to-market gain of $181 million at the end of March 31, 2024. In accordance with IFRS, the Company recognized a gain as the final fair value of the investment is unknown until transaction closing.
  25. Considering share buy backs of $1.3 billion and dividends paid to ArcelorMittal shareholders of $0.4 billion.

Forward-Looking Statements

This document may contain forward-looking information and statements about ArcelorMittal and its subsidiaries. These statements include financial projections and estimates and their underlying assumptions, statements regarding plans, objectives and expectations with respect to future operations, products and services, and statements regarding future performance. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the words “believe”, “expect”, “anticipate”, “target” or similar expressions. Although ArcelorMittal’s management believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, investors and holders of ArcelorMittal’s securities are cautioned that forward-looking information and statements are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, many of which are difficult to predict and generally beyond the control of ArcelorMittal, that could cause actual results and developments to differ materially and adversely from those expressed in, or implied or projected by, the forward-looking information and statements. These risks and uncertainties include those discussed or identified in the filings with the Luxembourg Stock Market Authority for the Financial Markets (Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier) and the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) made or to be made by ArcelorMittal, including ArcelorMittal’s latest Annual Report on Form 20-F on file with the SEC. ArcelorMittal undertakes no obligation to publicly update its forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.

About ArcelorMittal

ArcelorMittal is one of the world’s leading integrated steel and mining companies with a presence in 60 countries and primary steelmaking operations in 15 countries. It is the largest steel producer in Europe, among the largest in the Americas, and has a growing presence in Asia through its joint venture AM/NS India. ArcelorMittal sells its products to a diverse range of customers including the automotive, engineering, construction and machinery industries, and in 2023 generated revenues of $68.3 billion, produced 58.1 million metric tonnes of crude steel and, 42.0 million tonnes of iron ore. Our purpose is to produce smarter steels for people and planet. Steels made using innovative processes which use less energy, emit significantly less carbon and reduce costs. Steels that are cleaner, stronger and reusable. Steels for the renewable energy infrastructure that will support societies as they transform through this century. With steel at our core, our inventive people and an entrepreneurial culture at heart, we will support the world in making that change. ArcelorMittal is listed on the stock exchanges of New York (MT), Amsterdam (MT), Paris (MT), Luxembourg (MT) and on the Spanish stock exchanges of Barcelona, Bilbao, Madrid and Valencia (MTS).
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