Appendix 6: Terms and definitions
Unless indicated otherwise, or the context otherwise requires, references in this earnings release report to the following terms have the meanings set out next to them below:
LTIF: Lost time injury frequency rate equals lost time injuries per 1,000,000 worked hours, based on own personnel and contractors.
EBITDA: operating income plus depreciation, impairment expenses and exceptional items.
Free cash flow: net cash provided by operating activities less purchases of property, plant and equipment and intangibles.
Net debt: long-term debt, plus short term debt, less cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and short-term investments (including those held as part of assets/liabilities held for sale).
Gross debt : long-term debt, plus short term debt, plus cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and short-term investments (including those held as part of assets/liabilities held for sale).
Market priced tonnes: represent amounts of iron ore and coal from ArcelorMittal mines that could be sold to third parties on the open market. Market priced tonnes that are not sold to third parties are transferred from the Mining segment to the Company’s steel producing segments and reported at the prevailing market price. Shipments of raw materials that do not constitute market priced tonnes are transferred internally and reported on a cost-plus basis.
Foreign exchange and other net financing costs: include foreign currency swaps, bank fees, interest on pensions, impairments of financial instruments and revaluation of derivative instruments, and other charges that cannot be directly linked to operating results.
Average steel selling prices: calculated as steel sales divided by steel shipments.
Mining segment sales: i) “External sales”: mined product sold to third parties at market price; ii) “Market-priced tonnes”: internal sales of mined product to ArcelorMittal facilities and reported at prevailing market prices; iii) “Cost-plus tonnes” - internal sales of mined product to ArcelorMittal facilities on a cost-plus basis. The determinant of whether internal sales are reported at market price or cost-plus is whether the raw material could practically be sold to third parties (i.e. there is a potential market for the product and logistics exist to access that market).
Rotation days: days of accounts receivable plus days of inventory minus days of accounts payable. Days of accounts payable and inventory are a function of cost of goods sold of the quarter on an annualized basis. Days of accounts receivable are a function of sales of the quarter on an annualized basis.
Operating working capital: trade accounts receivable plus inventories less trade accounts payable.
Capex: includes the acquisition of intangible assets (such as concessions for mining and IT support) and includes payments to fixed asset suppliers.
S eaborne iron ore reference prices: refers to iron ore prices for 62% Fe CFR China.
Own iron ore production: Includes total of all finished production of fines, concentrate, pellets and lumps (excludes share of production and strategic long-term contracts).
On-going projects: Refer to projects for which construction has begun (excluding various projects that are under development), even if such projects have been placed on hold pending improved operating conditions.
EBITDA/tonne: calculated as EBITDA divided by total steel shipments.
Steel-only EBITDA: calculated as EBITDA less Mining segment EBITDA.
Steel-only EBITDA/tonne: calculated as steel-only EBITDA divided by total steel shipments.
Iron ore unit cash cost: includes weighted average pellet and concentrate cost of goods sold across all mines.
Liquidity: includes back-up lines for the commercial paper program.
Shipments information at the Group level was previously based on a simple aggregation, eliminating intra-segment shipments and excluding shipments of the Distribution Solutions segment. The new presentation of shipments information eliminates both inter- and intra–segment shipments which are primarily between Flat/Long plants and Tubular plants and continues to exclude the shipments of Distribution Solutions.
Operating segments: The NAFTA segment includes the Flat, Long and Tubular operations of USA, Canada and Mexico. The Brazil segment includes the Flat operations of Brazil, and the Long and Tubular operations of Brazil and its neighboring countries including Argentina, Costa Rica, Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela. The Europe segment comprises the Flat, Long and Tubular operations of the European business, as well as Distribution Solution (AMDS). The ACIS division includes the Flat, Long and Tubular operations of Kazakhstan, Ukraine and South Africa.
YoY : Refers to year-on-year
Fortifom®: The family of Fortiform® steels extends ArcelorMittal's range of Ultra High Strength Steels (UHSS). These steels allow the realization of lightweight structural elements by a cold forming method such as stamping. These Ultra High Strength Steels of third generation are used to provide additional weight reduction thanks to their higher mechanical properties than conventional Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS) while keeping the same formability
[i]The financial information in this press release has been prepared consistently with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”). The interim financial information included in this announcement has been also prepared in accordance with IFRS applicable to interim periods, however this announcement does not contain sufficient information to constitute an interim financial report as defined in International Accounting Standards 34, “Interim Financial Reporting”. The numbers in this press release have not been audited. The financial information and certain other information presented in a number of tables in this press release have been rounded to the nearest whole number or the nearest decimal. Therefore, the sum of the numbers in a column may not conform exactly to the total figure given for that column. In addition, certain percentages presented in the tables in this press release reflect calculations based upon the underlying information prior to rounding and, accordingly, may not conform exactly to the percentages that would be derived if the relevant calculations were based upon the rounded numbers. This press release also includes certain non-GAAP financial measures.
[ii]The exceptional charge of $909 million in 4Q 2015 relates to write-down of inventory following the rapid decline of international steel prices. The Company tested the recoverability of its inventories by comparing the production cost with the estimated selling prices for finished goods. Inventories under work in progress and raw materials were similarly tested after estimating the completion costs. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated cost of completion and the estimated costs necessary to complete the sale. The exceptional charge of $527 million in 3Q 2015 includes $27 million of retrenchment costs in South Africa as well as $0.5 billion related to such write-down of inventory.
[iii]On July 14, 2015, ArcelorMittal entered into a share swap agreement with Gerdau, as part of which ArcelorMittal received preferred shares of Gerdau and a cash consideration of $28 million in exchange for unlisted Gerdau shares. The share swap resulted in a gain of $55 million from equity method investments and other investments.
[iv]Kazakhstan devalued its currency (the tenge) by abandoning a peg to the US dollar.
[v]In 3Q 2013, ArcelorMittal impaired the entire amount of the investment that it had made up to September 30, 2013 in connection with a 2007 agreement with the State of Senegal regarding a mining and infrastructure project, as it viewed project implementation to be improbable in light of an ongoing arbitration proceeding. The parties subsequently agreed to settle the dispute and on December 12, 2014, the arbitral tribunal issued a procedural order formally closing the arbitration.
[vi]ArcelorMittal Brasil S.A (as a successor of Companhia Siderurgica Tubarao) was party to a legal dispute against Siderbras (an extinguished holding company held by the Government of Brazil) related to financial debt issued in 1992. In July 2014, the judge in charge requested to replace the guarantee, which was securing the litigation, with cash so that an appeal of the case could proceed. ArcelorMittal Brasil S.A entered into a federal amnesty program with the Brazilian tax authorities to settle the debt with Siderbras (application made in August 2014). The payment under the program was $161 million (original debt $259 million including interest and penalties) and recorded as a financial expense. Of this amount, $116 million was paid by way of set-off of tax losses and the remaining balance paid in cash. This tax amnesty program entered into by the Company with the Brazilian tax authorities is only in relation to the Siderbras matter and does not have any effect or otherwise impact the Company’s other outstanding disputes with the Brazilian tax authorities, which have been previously disclosed.
[vii]Effective from January 1, 2015, the functional currency of Kryvyi Rih was changed to the Ukrainian Hryvnia and the functional currency of Temirtau was changed to the Kazakhstan tenge due to changes in the regulatory and economic environment and transaction currencies of the operations.
[viii]Under the draft amended agreement, between Sishen Iron ore Company Pty) Ltd and ArcelorMittal South Africa the latter will pay market price (EPP) for iron ore and will therefore no longer contribute towards stripping costs. Accordingly at December 31, 2015, the “deferred stripping pre-payment asset” was derecognised and written off through profit and loss.
[ix]As reported in prior periods, and dating back to 2007, the Competition Commission (“the Commission”) has referred five cases to the Competition Tribunal and is formally investigating one further complaint against ArcelorMittal South Africa. The Company has since engaged with the Commission and has made significant progress regarding a possible overall settlement and is in the process of finalizing a detailed settlement agreement. Whilst the draft settlement agreement is still subject to final approval by the Commission and the Competition Tribunal, a provision of R1,245 million representing the present value of a proposed administrative penalty of R1,500 million has been recognized. The Company has, subject to certain conditions being agreed upon with the Commission, proposed to pay the administrative penalty over a period of 5 years subject to appropriate interest.
[x]Following the sale of a 5% stake to Valin Group as a result of the exercise of the third put option on February 2014, the Company’s interest in Hunan Valin decreased from 20% to 15%. On August 6, 2014, the Company exercised the fourth and final instalment, which subsequently led to the decrease in its stake in Hunan Valin from 15% to 10%. The Company received cash from the third and fourth instalment of $108 million both in the fourth quarter of 2014 and first quarter of 2015, respectively.
[xi]Following the sale of Gestamp, the future income from associates, joint ventures and other investments will be reduced by approximately $50 million and the future dividend income will reduce by approximately $15 million (based on the average income and dividends derived from Gestamp over the past two years).
[xii]Assets and liabilities held for sale as of December 31, 2015 include the carrying value of ArcelorMittal Algeria (investment stake of 49%), ArcelorMittal Tebessa (investment stake of 49%), ArcelorMittal Pipes and Tubes Algeria (70% control), the USA long product facilities at Steelton, Vinton and ArcelorMittal LaPlace and some activities of ArcelorMittal downstream solutions in the Europe segment. Assets and liabilities held for sale as of September 30, 2015 include the carrying value of investments representing our stakes in ArcelorMittal Algeria (49%), ArcelorMittal Tebessa (49%) and ArcelorMittal Pipes and Tubes Algeria (70%) and include Coza mining assets in South Africa. Assets and liabilities held for sale as of December 31, 2014 included assets and liabilities held for sale related to distribution centers in Europe and the disposal of tangible assets.